The UPSC Law Syllabus for IAS Exam 2023 | Download PDF

The UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) conducts the prestigious Civil Services Examination to select candidates for various administrative positions in the Indian government. One of the UPSC optional subjects available for the mains examination is Law. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the UPSC Law syllabus for the IAS Exam in 2023, helping aspiring candidates understand the subject’s scope and prepare effectively.

UPSC Law Syllabus List 2023

Constitutional Law

Constitutional Law forms a significant part of the UPSC Law syllabus. Candidates are expected to have a thorough understanding of the Indian Constitution, its salient features, and its interpretations by the judiciary. 

Key topics under Constitutional Law include:

Fundamental Rights: Detailed knowledge of fundamental rights, including their enforcement mechanisms and limitations, is essential.

Directive Principles of State Policy: Understanding the nature, scope, and significance of directive principles is crucial for candidates.

Judicial Review: Candidates must have a strong grasp of the concept of judicial review and landmark judgments that have shaped this aspect of Indian constitutional law.

International Law:

International Law is another important component of the UPSC Law syllabus. It deals with the legal principles governing relations between nations. Some key areas within International Law that candidates must focus on include:

Sources of International Law: Understanding the various sources of international law, such as treaties, custom, and general principles, is vital.

State Responsibility: Candidates should be familiar with the principles and instances of state responsibility, including the consequences of internationally wrongful acts.

International Organizations: Knowledge about the structure, functions, and legal frameworks of international organizations like the United Nations and its specialized agencies is essential.

Criminal Law:

Criminal Law encompasses the rules and regulations governing criminal offenses and their consequences. Candidates are expected to have a solid foundation in this area, covering topics such as:

Indian Penal Code: A thorough understanding of the IPC provisions, including different types of offenses and their punishments, is crucial.

Criminal Procedure Code: Knowledge of the procedural aspects of criminal law, including investigation, trial, and appeals, is important.

Indian Evidence Act: Candidates should familiarize themselves with the provisions of the Indian Evidence Act, focusing on types of evidence and their admissibility.

Tort Law:

Tort Law deals with civil wrongs and provides remedies for the harm caused. Some key areas within Tort Law that candidates should focus on include:

Negligence: Understanding the concept of negligence and its elements is important, along with landmark negligence cases in India.

Strict Liability: Knowledge about the principles of strict liability, including the rule in Rylands v. Fletcher, is essential.
Consumer Protection: Candidates should be aware of the provisions of the Consumer Protection Act and recent developments in consumer law.


The UPSC Law syllabus for the IAS Exam 2023 covers various aspects of law, including Constitutional Law, International Law, Criminal Law, and Tort Law. Aspirants should allocate sufficient time to study each topic thoroughly, keeping in mind the relevance of recent legal developments and landmark judgments. Along with a strong conceptual understanding, candidates should focus on enhancing their analytical and critical thinking skills to tackle the law-related questions effectively. By following a structured preparation strategy and utilizing reliable study resources, aspiring candidates can excel in the UPSC Law optional subject and enhance their chances of success in the IAS Exam.

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