National Disaster Response Force (NDRF): Safeguarding India Against Natural Calamities

Sansad TV


  • The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) serves as the frontline defense against natural calamities, including floods, cyclones, structure collapses, and earthquakes throughout India.
  • Comprising dedicated officers and personnel, their relentless commitment saves countless lives threatened by nature’s unpredictability.
  • Over the years, NDRF has modernized, implementing effective protocols and enhanced Standard Operating Procedures to address the unique challenges faced in a disaster-prone country like India.
  • As a distinctive force under the Ministry of Home Affairs, it is headed by an IPS officer and includes battalions from the BSF, CISF, CRPF, ITBP, SSB, and Assam Rifles.

NDRF’s Specialized Role:

  • NDRF, established under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, operates under the aegis of the “Apex Body for Disaster Management” in India, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), chaired by the Prime Minister.
  • Currently, NDRF consists of 12 battalions, three from the BSF and CRPF, and two each from CISF, ITBP, and SSB.
  • Each battalion comprises 18 self-contained specialist search and rescue teams, totaling 1,149 personnel, including engineers, technicians, electricians, dog squads, and medical/paramedics.
  • These battalions are equipped and trained to respond to both natural and man-made disasters, including chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) emergencies.

Objectives of NDRF:

NDRF’s primary objectives encompass combating all types of disasters, be they natural or man-made, including radiological, biological, chemical, and nuclear incidents. Their mandate extends to:


  • Providing disaster management training to local police, administration, local bodies, and other stakeholders.
  • Organizing community awareness and preparedness programs while conducting familiarization and reconnaissance of vulnerable areas within their Area of Responsibility.
  • Offering training to teachers and school children in natural disaster management.

During Disaster:

  • Proactively deploying at level-III disaster scenarios.
  • Providing high-tech specialist responses during search and rescue operations.
  • Delivering immediate relief using available resources in affected areas.


  • Assisting states in recovery efforts and restoring normalcy in disaster-affected areas.


  • Since its inception, the NDRF has consistently won the hearts of millions by showcasing both expertise and compassion when handling disaster situations.
  • Their proactive availability and pre-positioning strategies have significantly minimized damage caused by natural calamities across the country.
  • In conclusion, the National Disaster Response Force stands as a dedicated shield, working tirelessly to ensure the safety and recovery of India’s communities in the face of nature’s wrath.